Posted by on Mar 11, 2013 in Career Insights | 0 questions

If you’re considering a job in engineering or recently graduated, you’re looking forward to working in a diverse field and challenging career.

You will most likely be responsible for designing and producing useful and innovative services and products.

Many simple and essential aspects of our daily lives have been born from an engineer’s mind, developed and designed to make our world function easier and more swiftly.

Needless to say, competition in today’s job market is fierce. Armed with a good education, work experience and additional skills like languages will give you the needed edge to move forward in the business. What kind of jobs can an engineer do?

Here are the top six engineering jobs out on the market today:

1.  Petroleum Engineering: This job requires designing and developing ways to use water, chemicals, gases and steam to extract oil out of reserves. They perform research, develop plans, and ensure maintenance and function of the equipment on an oilrig.

With oil becoming scarce and a more expensive commodity, innovation in this field is becoming a hot ticket for job opportunities

2. Nuclear Engineering: This job focuses on researching nuclear energy and radiation for industrial or medical use. Whether it’s spacecraft design or medical imaging devices, nuclear engineers design and create processes, equipment and systems that contain nuclear materials. Nuclear engineers also ensure safety, give instructions regarding handling and disposal of nuclear waste, and develop preventative measure for accidents.

3. Materials Engineering: This job deals with the development, design, processing, and testing of materials and products. Materials Engineers use metals, composites, plastics, and other substances to research, create and evaluate the manufacture of new products.

Most materials engineers specialize in one field, such as metal, plastic, ceramic or others. That very cool casing your iPod sits in was most likely designed by a materials engineer.

4. Environmental Engineering: A hot job today because of environmental initiatives, environmental engineers develop solutions to a number of environmental problems by applying the principles of biology, chemistry, and soil science.

Addressing global issues like climate warming, sustainability, and water reservation is a large part of the job, but also recycling and waste disposal and public health issues like reducing pollution. These engineers work closely with governments to oversee legislation regarding the environment, industrial inspections, waste programs and contaminated sites.

5. Biomedical Engineering: Ever wonder how artificial organs are made? By an engineer of course! Biomedical engineers are responsible for improving the effectiveness of medical systems and products, including the creation of artificial organs devices and machines that replace body parts. They conduct research that helps to advance medicine and develop ways to test drugs by using computer simulation. An exciting job, indeed!

6. Aerospace Engineering: The final frontier! Aerospace engineers design, develop, and test aircraft, satellites, missiles and other products for military or commercial use. They are responsible for determining safety protocols, and identifying issues and fixing malfunctioning or damaged aircraft.

If you are interested in pursuing any of these careers, or a number of other rewarding engineering job titles, inquire and learn more about working in the field at your nearest university. It is also helpful to brush up on your current skill set by specializing in a particular service.

This guest post is by Samantha Priest, a part time blogger and full time HR Consultant, with plenty experience in the arts of dynamics recruitment and HR development.